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Type 1 diabetes is the least common and accounts for 5% - 15% of all people with diabetes. This occurs when the body is unable to produce any insulin, this type cannot be prevented. 

Type 2 diabetes is adult-age onset diabetes and often linked to being overweight, so your body cannot produce enough insulin. The most common symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, weight loss, blurred vision, tiredness, frequent urination, and slow healing of wounds. The modern lifestyle, with poor diet and lack of exercise, is increasing the number of people with type 2 Diabetes.

There are currently around about 2.5 million people with diabetes in the UK and it is estimated there are more than half a million people who have the condition but are unaware.

Hyperglycemia is too high blood sugar. Hypoglycemia is too low blood sugar and is usually treated with a sugar drink. The treatments for a diabetic emergency are glucose liquids, glucose gels and glucose tablets. Early treatment is very important in a medical emergency. 

  • IPOSi Unit four LO2.1, 2.2, 2.3 & 2.4